What is the Cusqueñan Corpus Christi?
The Cusqueñan Corpus Christi consists in the procession of the 15 images of saints and virgins from the various parishes of the Cusco, to greet the body of Christ. The multitudinous celebration takes place in the Plaza de Armas of Cusco and is complemented with culinary traditions, being the chiruuchu, the representative dish of the religious holiday.
Body of Christ is a composition of two Latino voices “corpus christi,” with these words refers to the festivity of the institution of the Eucharist celebrated by the catholic church on Thursday, 60 days after the Easter Sunday resurrection. this year, the feast will be held on 18 and June 19.
The firsr day, the images that are going to the plaza de armas, perform an unusual race, in which each parish try to make their image, the first to reach the Cathedral.
During the central day, masses are celebrated inside the cathedral in honor of the various saints and virgins. At 10.30 am the Archbishop of Cusco offers a Te Deum mass, after which start the procession of the chariot of silver that holds the golden sun of the custody which in turn represents the Blessed Sacrament.
El Custody construction was ordered by the bishop Friar Bernardo de Serrada in 1733 using part of a legacy of Dr. Francisco de Goyzueta Maldonado. Today it comes out in procession and behind goes the authorities of the city, delegations of various institutions and schools.
This festivity was born when the Spaniards arrived to Cusco and saw the worship to the deities or mummies that were carried in procession by the Incas, then decided to put an end to this demonstration considered pagan and inserted in place of the gods, images of virgins and saints.
Today there are 15 images that walk in procession:
1. San Antonio, from the parish of San Cristóbal
2. San Jerónimo, from the parish of the district of San Jerónimo
3. San Cristóbal from the parish of San Cristóbal
4. San Sebastián from the parish of the district of San Sebastián
5. Santa Bárbara from the parish of the district of Poroy
6. Santa Ana from the parish of Santa Ana
7. Santiago Apóstol from the parish of Santiago
8. San Blas from the parish of San Blas
9. San Pedro from the parish of San Pedro
10. San José from the parish of Belén
11. Virgen de la Natividad from the parish of Almudena
12. Virgen de los Remedios from the parish of Santa Catalina
13. Virgen Purificada from the parish of San Pedro
14. Virgen de Belén from the parish of Belén
15. Virgen de la Inmaculada Concepción also called “La Linda” from the Cathedral.
The chiriuchu is the emblematic dish of the feast of Corpus Christi, its dating comes from the time of the Incas and the colony, chiriuchu means chiri = cold and uchu = aji (spicy), this dish has as its main ingredient the boiled hen, the guinea pig in the oven, ch’arki or dried jerky, accompanied with rich tortillas or torrejas of flour, roasted corn, cheese, black pudding, cochayuyo; algae, sausage and egg boxes of fish or “Cau Cau”, and for those who love spicy, there is the inevitable rocoto.
The festival of the traditional dish of the chirichu, takes place in the Plaza San Francisco from 9 in the morning, where nearly 200 fairgrounds sell this traditional dish the days that lasts the religious feast.
The gastronomic fair is unique in Peru and has the security, order and cleanliness that require to receive local, national and foreign visitors.
See you in Cusco to celebrate Corpus Christi?