Peru: Happy Independence Day
Every 28th of July, Peru celebrates its Independence Day, remembering the Independence declaration made by Jose de San Martin on July 28, 1821.
EL PERÚ DESDE ESTE MOMENTO ES LIBRE E INDEPENDIENTE POR LA VOLUNTAD GENERAL DE LOS PUEBLOS Y POR LA JUSTICIA DE SU CAUSA QUE DIOS DEFIENDE
VIVA LA PATRIA ! VIVA LA LIBERTAD !
VIVA LA INDEPENDENCIA!
** I can’t translate the declaration, but basically, it says, that from now on Peru is free.
Here are the Patriotic symbols of Peru, symbols that every Peruvian know and feel proud of them.
# 1 National Anthem
The National Anthem was created in 1821; the lyrics were made by don José de la Torre Ugarte and the music by don José Bernardo Alcedo.
If you want to listen it, click here:
# 2 Flag
Tradition says that, San Martín, having arrived on the coast of southern Pisco, was inspired by the colors of parihuanas, red-and-white flamingos and create the flag.
According to the law published in 1825, the national flag consists of three vertical stripes, the two extremes red, and white in the middle, in the center of the coat of arms is placed with its ring, hugging the inside of the right a palm and a laurel branch on the left.
# 3 Coat of Arms
The arms of the Peruvian Nation shall consist of a shield divided into three fields (Polish shape), one light blue, to the left, which will carry a vicuña looking inwards; another white, on the right, where a cinchona tree will be located; and another red below and smaller in which a cornucopia will be seen spilling coins, signifying with these symbols, the richness’s of Peru in the three natural kingdoms.
The shield shall have as crest a Civic Crown seen flat; and shall be escorted on each side by a flag and standard of the same national colors.
# 4 Cockade
It has the same colors as the national flag: red-white-red. It is often worn as a badge on the chest during Independence Day parades and other events of the day.
In Peru, 28 and 29 of July are declared non-working holidays, and since it coincides with midyear school holidays, many Peruvians choose to leave home, either to other cities in the country or abroad.
Meanwhile, in Peru, the celebrations for the Independence Day are:
- 9:00 Te Deum Mass at the Cathedral, celebrated by the Archbishop of Lima, with the presence of the President.
- 11:00 The President makes the Annual National Speech. If there is change of president (every 5 years) is in this ceremony where the new President is proclaimed. Today, the President is Mr. Ollanta Humala, (2011-2016).
- 9:00 Military Parade: Every year the Armed Forces and the National Police show a parade for the President, and national authorities.The public can also attend the parade.
I hope you liked the post, if you are in Peru in these days; you can join us for the celebrations. If you have any question, leave me a comment below.