Madre de Dios
It is located in the southeast of Peru, on the border with Bolivia and Brazil. It mainly consists of floodplains with three to four fluvial terraces in the Amazon rainforest.
This region is also home to indigenous communities that promote ecotourism in regions with some of the richest biodiversity in the world.
The main attractions of Madres de Dios are:
A meeting point for macaws formed on the river banks through an erosion process that encouraged the development of soil rich in mineral salts. The colourful birds flock around the site before beginning the “colpeo” ceremony, eating the clay found in the cliff face that serves as a food supplement.
Surrounded by huge areas of wetlands (aguajales), these swampy areas are where the aguaje palm trees grow, among other exotic species. Highlights of the flora here include orchids, heliconias (platanillos or parrot beaks), ungurahuis palm trees, kapok trees (lupunas).
Bahuaja-Sonene National Park
The site was established to protect the only tropical wet savannah in Peru. It is located between the Madre de Dios and Puno regions, in the provinces of Tambopata, Carabaya and Sandia. With a size of 1,091,416 hectares, it also crosses into Bolivia.
Tambopata National Reserve
It boasts an incalculable wealth of biodiversity: 632 species of bird have been discovered in the area, along with 1,200 species of butterfly, 205 types of fish, 103 amphibians and 67 reptiles. In order to access the area, visitors require prior authorisation from the National Service of Protected Natural Areas (SERNANP).
Manu National Park
The Park allows for research, education and recreation, as well as contributing to the preservation of archaeological heritage. The area holds over 1,000 species of bird, including the harpy eagle, jabiru, jungle goose, cock-of-the-rock and roseate spoonbill; 200 species of mammal including the common woolly monkey, Peruvian spider monkey, otters, jaguar, margay, spectacled bear, Northern Andean deer and over 100 species of bat.