Looking for History and Culture? 5 Reasons to Visit Peru

Chan Chan Ruins

Here I present you the second video in the serie, it shows the history and culture of Peru. Below I give you a brief explanation of the cultures mentioned in the video.

There were many pre-inca cultures developed in Peru, some of them are:

#1 Chavin Culture

The Chavin culture was developed between the years 1000 and 200 BC. Its most important legacy is the city of Chavin de Huantar, located in the town of Huari, 86 km from the city of Huaraz.

Other important icons of the Chavin culture are the sandeel monolithic, the Tello Obelisk, the Raimondi stela and the nailed heads.

How to get to Huaraz?  By bus from Lima, the journey takes 8 hours and 30 min.

#2 Moche Culture

The Moche culture was developed between the years 200 and 700 AD on the northern coast of Peru. Its most important legacy is the Lord of Sipan. It consists of the tomb of a governor, which was found intact, along with their offerings and 8 other people.

Huaca Rajada, the place where the tomb was found, is located 22 miles from Chiclayo, and the Royal Tombs Museum, where all the findings are exhibited, is located in the city of Lambayeque, 8 miles from Chiclayo.

Some other important legacy of the Mochica or Moche culture are the Sun and the Moon Temples and the complex of El brujo located close to the city of Trujillo.

How to get there:

  • To Chiclayo: By air, the flight takes 1 hr 30 min. By bus, the journey takes 13 hrs.
  • To Trujillo: By air, the flight takes 1 hr 10 min. By bus, the journey takes 9 hrs.
  • You can visit both cities, the journey by bus between Trujillo and Chiclayo takes 4 hrs.
# 3 Nazca Culture

The Nazca culture was developed between the I and VI Century AD in the department of Ica. Its most important legacy are the Nazca lines.

The Nazca Lines are huge representations of figures of great precision in the middle of the desert. It is believed that they are an astronomical observatory. To appreciate them it is necessary to make an overflight of the area by plane.

How to get to Nasca? By bus from Lima or Arequipa, both journeys take 7 hours and a 30 min.

# 4 Chimu Culture

The Chimú culture was developed between the years 1000 and 1200 AD in northern Peru. Its most important legacy is the citadel of Chan Chan, which is located 3.10 miles from, Trujillo. It is considered the largest mud-brick citadel of the world.

How to get to Trujillo?  By air, the flight takes 1 hr 10 min. By bus, the journey takes 9 hrs.

# 5 Chachapoyas Culture

The Chachapoyas culture was developed between the years 1000 and 1200 AD in the department of Amazonas, in the jungle of Peru. Its most important legacy is the Kuelap fortress.

Kuelap is located 24 miles from the city of Chachapoyas, it is a fortified city, built on high platforms with high stone walls.

How to get there:

  • By Tarapoto: By air, the flight takes 1 hr 30 min and a bus journey that takes 6 hrs.and 30 min
  • By Chiclayo: By air, the flight takes 1 hr 30 min and a bus journey that takes 8 hrs.and 30 min

….And above these cultures the Tahuantinsuyo was born. Also known as the Inca Empire….. it will be the topic of another post.

I hope you have enjoyed a bit of the ancient culture of Peru, and that you can visit us soon. If you have any question, leave me a comment below.

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