# 1 Because of its Cultural and Archaeological Heritage
Peru conserves the architectural and artistic vestiges of fascinating cultures., from the oldest civilization in America, to the largest and most powerful empire of the southern continent.
- Machu Picchu – Inca citadel nestled into the top of the Inca hill is considered one of the seven New Wonders of the World.
- Chavín de Huántar – – An impressive archaeological complex from the Chavín culture, with 3000 year old temples and sculptures made from stone.
- Chan Chan – The biggest mud-brick settlement in pre-Hispanic America, with its pyramid-shaped temples, plazas and palaces, it was the Chimú cultural center.
- Caral – The oldest sacred city in America and, at over 5000 years old, is the cradle of one of the world’s first civilizations.
- Nasca Lines -Mysterious figures drawn between 550 and 650 AD by the Nazca settlers in a desert area of around 350 km2 (135 sq. miles).
- Kúelap — An archaeological complex of the Chachapoyas people, exhibiting walls reaching up to 66 meters tall, built where the jungle meets the hills.
# 2 Because of its Natural Sightseeing and Rainforests
Peru is one of 10 mega-diverse countries of the world, with hundreds of endemic species of flora and fauna; a paradise for bird watching and orchid spotting, or the exploration of remote and mythical natural landscapes, some still pristine virgin lands teeming with life.
- Manu National Park -The park hosts one of the greatest concentrations of life on the planet, with record numbers of birds (over 800 species), mammals (200 species) and plants, including orchids and giant trees.
- Lake Titicaca – – A shelter for birds, lamini, and other species, with truly captivating and breathtaking landscapes.
- Colca Canyon – One of the deepest canyons on earth, with a depth of over 3,400 meters (11,155 feet) at its lowest point, from where the spectacular flight of the Andean condor can be witnessed.
- Llanganuco Lagoon – Of glacier origin, the lagoon stretches along the valley formed by the Huandoy and Huascarán mountains of the Cordillera Blanca (White Mountain Range).
# 3 Because the Adventures you can Discover
Peru is versatile and its geography proves it to be the perfect place for adventure. A warm desert coast, an imposing mountain range and a lush jungle invite you to enjoy all kinds of extreme experiences and adventures.
- Trekking — To trek in Peru is to walk through beautiful Andean landscapes with stunning views of snow-capped mountains and lagoons.
- Mountain Biking -Ancient Inca and pre-Inca roads, archaeological sites, picturesque towns and passages through different ecological areas in just a few hours are the attraction of riding a bike around Peru.
- Sandboarding and Buggies – Sliding face-down on a board along the great sand dunes is the unique pleasure offered by sandboarding.
- Surf – Peru’s beaches are considered by experts to be among the best in the world.
- Rafting – Passion-generating rivers. Peru is the setting for over a dozen rivers that cover its diverse regions of coast, hills and jungle.
- Hand gliding and paragliding – EFlight has always been a dream of man.
- Bungee — Bungee jumping is one of the most extreme adventure sports due to its level of risk. Maximum adrenaline.
# 4 Because of its Food and Gastronomic Wonders
Peruvian cuisine, considered among the best in the world, inherited its innovation, mix and flavors from Peru’s history. Its culinary fusion developed over a long process of cultural exchange between the Spanish, Africans, Chinese, Japanese and Italians, among others. The dishes became more and more varied as races mixed and migrants landed at the port of Callao.
This fusion gives rise to dishes like the unique anticucho de corazón (skewered cow heart), tacu-tacu stew and carapulcra, dishes which have African heritage. Nutritious pastas arrived along with Italian migrants, whose adaptations have resulted in traditional dishes like green or red pasta. Ceviche, Peruvian’s emblematic dish, emerged from a fusion with Japanese cuisine. Lastly, the trend of Novo-Andean cuisine boasts indigenous foods worthy of the most elegant settings, reclaiming the national flavor that is such an important part of our identity Novo-Andean cuisine – New culinary style that seeks to rediscover many local ingredients.
# 5 Because of its People and the Richness of its Culture
Many of the festivals, rituals, and actual ways of life remain from pre-Columbian time. From traditional clothing to popular folk art expressions, and belief systems to ways of working and even cooking, Peru is full of customs that maintain the legacy of its ancient cultures.
- Inti Raymi – – Traditional show held in the Sacsayhuaman Citadel, in Cusco, which stages the worshipping of the ancient Sun god of Inca Culture.
- Danza de Tijeras (Scissors dance) – A colorful and risky sequence of jumps and dancing to the rhythm of a pair of scissors. Originally from Ayacucho it has been recognised by UNESCO as an Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity.
- Caballitos de Totora – Embarcaciones artesanales de origen mochica, que todavía son utilizadas por los pescadores locales como herramienta de trabajo o para correr olas en las playas de la costa norte.
- Los tejedores de la isla Taquile (Reed crafts) – Reed water-crafts dating back to the Mochica culture, they are still used by local fishermen as a work tool or for riding waves on north coast beaches.