Peru is located in South America. It borders Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, Chile and the Pacific Ocean.
Peru has an area of 1’285,215 km2 (496,225 sq mi). It is the third largest country in South America.
No, Peru has a territory with many landscapes due to its geographical conditions, allowing a great diversity of natural resources. Normally, the country is divided in regions according to its altitude: Costa, besides de Pacific Ocean; Sierra, beside the Andes Mountains and jungle, located near the Amazon River basin.
The climate varies according to the region:
Costa: You can have a temperate climate, not too cold or hot, but very humid. Intense fog gives a feeling of cold in winter.
Sierra: Here the climate is more severe than on the coast. During the day it is very hot, but at night it is very cold. Between November and March you can find abundant rainfall.
Selva: It is quite hot and humid throughout the year. You can find lots of rains between November and March; and little rainfall between April and October.
The Peruvian state is organized into 3 independent divisions:
The President and all 130 congressmen are elected by universal and compulsory vote every 5 years.
Peru is the country with the highest annual growth in South America, now considered one of the leaders in the region.
The main activities are: mining, agriculture, fishing, construction, garments, trade and tourism.
According to the projection of the census conducted in 2013, in Peru there are 29’849,000 inhabitants.
The main religion is Roman Catholic (81.3%), followed by Protestant (12.5%)
The official language is Spanish, spoken by almost everyone in the country. Other languages are Quechua and Aymara. In most tourist attractions you will find English speakers.
The main sports in Peru are: