7 Places you should visit in Arequipa
Are you going to Arequipa? Do you want to know what to visit? Here is a list of the main attractions of the city.
The city of Arequipa is located at 2335 m asl in the valley of the Chili river, its weather is relatively dry, the temperature varies between 21 ° C and 10 ° C. From January to March has moderate rainfall. The sun shines almost every day of the year.
Arequipa is known as the White City for the colonial buildings of the historic center built in ashlar, a colorful volcanic stone white abundant in the region.
# 1 Arequipa Historic Center
The Historic Center is located next to the Chili River at the foot of three volcanoes: Chachani (northwest), Misti (northeast) and Pichupichu (east) , the three volcanoes in the background, together with the valley and the Chili river, form a beautiful landscape.
What gives the historic center of Arequipa their uniqueness and high image quality are not the isolated monuments, but the continuity of domestic buildings with unit patterns. Being different houses, they have common aspects that give unity to the whole. Because of the earthquakes , the solid structure of wide cyclopean walls made fashion drawer with arches and domes, religious temples and monasteries , was extended to domestic buildings , giving them strength and monumentality.
The historic center has more than 500 houses, 287 of which are classified by the Ministry of Culture. The houses have been built with European and native characteristics generally in the nineteenth century, are characterized by semi – circular arches and vaulted ceilings. Ashlar structures always have the thick walls: 1 to 1.5 meters for rooms, 2 meters for churches.
The historic center of Arequipa is considered a World Heritage Site by UNESCO since 2000.
# 2 Plaza de Armas of Arequipa
It is a large square, compound on three sides by portals of granite columns , pillars and arches of diorite and brick vaults : the Portal of Cabildo, the Portal of las Delicias, and the Portal of Regocijo ; and to the northwest by the imposing Cathedral.
In the center of the square rises a slender bronze fountain of three plates crowned with the figure of a sixteenth century soldier. The character is called the ” Tuturutu “, according to the history, he was in charge of warning of any new event .
# 3 Cathedral of Arequipa
It is considered as one of the first seventeenth century religious centers of Arequipa. It was built of ashlar and has been covered with brick Gothic vaults. The façade has 70 Corinthian columns and 3 covers. It has two towers, which adds up a stunning view. This church has three naves. The central nave is wider than the side, all covered with tissue or groin vaults and arches bounded by. The entrances to the temple are located in the aisles.
Featuring a gorgeous custody largest neo-Gothic carved in gold and silver and has lots of bright sun. Notable are the high altar of Carrara marble, the choir stalls, the sacristy, the wooden pulpit and organ purchased in Europe in the nineteenth century, all readily apparent because of the natural light of the temple.
# 4 Yanahuara Viewpoint
The Yanahuara viewpoint is located in the traditional Yanahuara district, located 2 km from the city center. It was built in the nineteenth century and consists of arches made of ashlar where thoughts of some famous Arequipa were registered.
This viewpoint has an excellent location and offers a unique and magnificent view of the picturesque old traditional neighborhoods with ashlar houses, typical gardens and narrow cobbled streets.
To the side is located the San Juan Bautista ( 1750 ) Church, built with Baroque architecture, which emphasizes the image of the Virgen del Rosario.
# 5 Carmen Alto Viewpoint
Carmen Alto is a traditional village of Cayma located on the right side of the Chili River. With quiet streets and traditional people, it has beautiful terraces of good conservation with stone walls and surrounded by ancient little paths that are still used today.
From the viewpoint, you can enjoy a beautiful landscape of the Chachani, the Misti and the Pichu Pichu volcanoes.
# 6 Founder’s Mansion
Located 6.5 kms from the city of Arequipa, passing through the beautiful landscape, is a palace made in the last decade of the sixteenth century.
Built in ashlar to the edge of a cliff, it is considered one of the most important and traditional houses. The main entrance consists of a hallway with vaulted ceiling, followed by a large main courtyard on the windows and doors of the rooms open.
It was built by order of Manuel Garcia de Carbajal, the founder of the “White City” of Arequipa, where he lived and then leaves an inheritance to his son. Admirably restored by García Calderón family, has a beautiful view of the countryside and a beautiful church.
Entrance fee: S / 15
# 7 Sabandía Mill
It is located 8 km south of the city of Arequipa , about 20 minutes by car, on the way you can see the spacious terraces and three volcanoes ( Misti, Chachani and Pichu Pichu ) that give context to the surrounding landscape this traditional village .
The Sabandía Mill was built in 1785, and represents the typical architecture of the region where the predominant use of ashlar. It is characterized by solid and rustic balconies, which is a historical monument that brings to ancient times and memory and ingenuity working people of Arequipa. You can also see the techniques used to process wheat, a process that is done with the huge stone wheels.
Its architecture is emphasized by a singular combination of raised floors, to get the driving force of the water and allow the grinding through two water channels in apparent spaces, moving two volanderas a hydraulic mill eighteenth century, which originally served to make wheat flour, corn and other cereals.
The architectural complex was built in a place of particular natural charm, achieved a vision of aesthetic quality by Ashlar brightness amid the green countryside.
Entrance fee: S / 10
I hope you liked this post, and enjoy your visit to Arequipa. If you have any question, you can leave me a comment below.